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Yii 2 Practical Application Template is a skeleton Yii 2 application based on the
yii2-advanced template best for
developing complex Web applications with multiple tiers. The template allows a
The template includes three tiers: front end, back end, and console, each of which is a separate Yii application. The template is designed to work in a team development environment. It supports deploying the application in different environments.
The template has some security preconfigured for users with Apache web servers. It has a default
.htaccess security configuration setup.
The template has prettyUrl enabled by default and the changes have been made to
.htaccess as well as
component config in the common config directory.
After installing a
app in the yii2-advanced application you normally would
However, in many practical scenarios (especially on single domain hosts) one
would want their users to directly access frontend as:
yii2-app-practical enables you to achieve just that by carefully moving and
rearranging the bootstrap files and web components of frontend to work directly out of the app root. The
frontend/web is entirely eliminated and one can directly access the application
All other aspects of the app configuration remain the same as the yii2-advanced app. The
console will remain as is. The frontend config, assets, models,
controllers, views, widgets and components, will still reside within
frontend directory. It is just the web access that is moved out to app root.
The minimum requirement by this application template is that your Web server supports PHP 5.4.0.
Extract the archive file downloaded from GitHub to
a directory named
practical or your app name, that is directly under the Web root.
After this is complete, follow the instructions given in the Getting Started section.
The preferred way to install this application template is through composer. If you do not have Composer, you may install it by following the instructions at getcomposer.org. You can then install the application using the following command:
php composer.phar global require "fxp/composer-asset-plugin:1.0.0-beta2" php composer.phar create-project --prefer-dist --stability=dev kartik-v/yii2-app-practical practical
After you install the application, you have to conduct the following steps to initialize the installed application. You only need to do these once for all.
init to initialize the application with a specific environment.
Create a new database and adjust the
components['db'] configuration in
Apply migrations with console command
yii migrate. This will create tables needed for
the application to work.
Set document roots of your Web server:
/path/to/yii-application/ and using the URL
/path/to/yii-application/backend/web/ and using the URL
practicalis your app name folder under web root).
To login into the application, you need to first sign up, with any of your email address, username and password. Then, you can login into the application with same email address and password at any time.
Install additional composer packages:
php composer.phar require --dev "codeception/codeception: 1.8.*@dev" "codeception/specify: *"
This application boilerplate use database in testing, so you should create three databases that are used in tests:
yii2_practical_unit - database for unit tests;
yii2_practical_functional - database for functional tests;
yii2_practical_acceptance - database for acceptance tests.
To make your database up to date, you can run in needed test folder
yii migrate, for example
if you are starting from
frontend tests then you should run
yii migrate in each
it will upgrade your database to the last state according migrations.
To be able to run acceptance tests you need a running webserver. For this you can use the php builtin server
and run it in the directory where your main project folder is located. For example if your application is
/www/practical all you need to is:
cd /www and then
php -S 127.0.0.1:8080 because the default configuration of
acceptance tests expects the url of the application to be
If you already have a server configured or your application is not located in a folder called
you may need to adjust the
After that is done you should be able to run your tests, for example to run
frontend tests do:
In similar way you can run tests for other application tiers -
You also can adjust you application suite configs and
_bootstrap.php settings to use other urls
and files, as it is can be done in
tests section README
for further details on setting up the tests.
yii2-app-practical is released under the BSD 3-Clause License. See the bundled